Footwear makers: cut and run from tariffsrtment at the

US sneaker giant Nike and fancy shoemaker Allen Edmonds have joined the chorus of busines

s groups calling for the White House to hit the brakes on its move to raise duties on Chinese shoes an

d other products, further challenging President Donald Trump’s claim that China is paying for the tariffs.

A week after Trump threatened to impose tariffs on the remaining $300 billion of goods imported from Chi

na, more than 100 American shoe and sneaker companies, brands and retailers signed an open letter to the president saying the p

olicy “would be catastrophic” for consumers, businesses and the US economy.

“Your proposal to add tariffs on all imports from China is ask

ing the American consumer to foot the bill,” said the letter, dated on Monday and signed by

the companies. It was posted on the website of the Footwear Distributors and Retailers of America (FDRA).

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There are signs that the central government will not cha

ange its resolution to control house prices, Zhang said, adding that in the future the real estate market will continue to crack down on speculation.

On May 11, Suzhou tightened housing policies further, China Daily ea

rlier reported. The down payment ratio for a family’s first home purchase has been rais

ed from 20 percent to 30 percent.China may grant official 5G licenses, instead of the interim licenses prev

iously planned, to telecom carriers this year and is likely to start commercial use of the superfast wireless technology nat

ionwide in the near future, possibly as soon as October, according to people familiar with the matter.

Newly built property in certain parts of the city cannot

be traded for a three-year period after purchase, and for five years in the case of pre-owned property.

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nd information technology, had confirmed at the Boao Fo

oao Forum for Asia, that China will grant 5G licenses this year, but didn’t disclose a specific date.

“5G, industrial internet and the internet of vehicles are among the country’s top development priorities

in the telecommunications industry,” Zhang Feng, chief engineer of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, sa

id on Friday during the World Telecommunication and Information Society Day.

Zhang called for accelerated efforts to set standards in key areas, including 5G, to expedite the com

mercialization of this forefront technology and bolster the nation’s core competitiveness.

Major Chinese smartphone maker Huawei Technologies Co has already unveiled its first 5G chip and first 5G fold

able smartphone, the Mate X, which is expected to hit the market in June, despite challenges involving the United States.

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The latest figures from the National Cultural Heritage Administ

stration show China had 5,354 museums by the end of 2018, and museums across the country held some 2

6,000 exhibitions in 2018 and received 1.126 billion people, an increase of 30 percent and 16 percent, respectively.

The International Council of Museums organized the annual I

nternational Museum Day in 1977 to address the changing roles of museums.

Museums across the world are reinventing their roles to become more interacti

ve, audience focused and active in delivering creativity and knowledge to their communities.School students and adult

visitors learn about making prints and carving stamp seals and learn about the appreciation of and technological me

thods being used in the conservation of the age-old buildings at the Palace Museum, May 1

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China has to walk a fine balance between local govern

nment debt management and stable economic growth, especially at a time when trade te

nsions with the United States have imposed more downward pressure, said economists.

More financial resources and investors will be involved in the debt resolution process, said Qiao Baoyun, head of the Acad

emy of Public Finance and Public Policy at the Central University of Finance and Economics.

The last round of local government debt swaps started in 2015 and ended in August 2018, w

hich saw 14.34 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) of local government debt being swapped into bonds.

Local governments are set to face more debt burden in the next three ye

ars, as many of the previously issued bonds are set to expire, income from land sales has

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Intensified law enforcement also benefits overseas ent

erprises in China. Last year, intellectual property authorities punished violators in more

than 6,000 cases of infringing on rights of trademark registrants from overseas, with a t

otal value of 151 million yuan ($22 million), an increase of 50.1 percent over the previous year, the report said.

An agreement to support young scholars’ research into the Silk Road was signed between China and UNESCO during a ses

sion of the Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations in Beijing on Wednesday.

Under the agreement, an international academic program will be launched with funding of $1 mill

ion from the Chinese government to scholars under 35 years of age from around the world.

Hosted by the Ministry of Education and UNESCO, the session – entitled “Safeguardin

g the Diversity of Asian Civilizations” – focused on cultural interactions among Asian people and disc

ussed challenges in terms of revitalizing the multiple cultures of Asian countries and regions.

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Trade agreements can affect the types of goods being

traded and they can redirect trade toward one country, away

from others. They cannot directly affect any country’s worldwide current account balance. A count

ry that saves less than it invests will have to borrow foreign funds to import foreign goods to make up that difference.

There are two ways to reduce the US trade deficit. A serious recession would reduce investme

nt, but nobody advocates that as a strategy. The only other path is to change the US financial and gove

rnment system to encourage increased savings. China has almost nothing to do with it.

Ironically, the disputes between the US and China center around both nations’ legitimate desires to

protect some current low-skilled jobs, or at least to allow an easier transition to new jobs and industries.

US administration’s economic policy has rightly focused on the need to

retain jobs for working-class people in the US. And, China’s companies that export to the U

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The National Health Commission issued draft regulatio

ns in February for the clinical application of new biomedical technologies, stipulating that clini

cal research that involves human trials, including gene editing, stem cells, organ transplants be

tween species and assisted reproductive technologies, must secure the approval of the commission in advance.

Under the draft, which is yet to be adopted, violators may face punishments including fines, revocation of business permits or criminal charges.

The commission this year will complete its revision of an existing r

egulation on ethical inspection of human-related biomedical research that was adopted in 2016.

Authorities are also considering establishing a national ethics co

mmittee that supervises life science technologies and researchers to ensure compliance wi

th ethical standards, Huang Jiefu, former vice-minister of health, told China Daily in an earlier interview.

huawaii.cn

Nevertheless, it is difficult to separate cyclical elements

and external shocks from the long-term trend and to conclude that China’s potential growth rate really is 6-6.5 percent.

Many Chinese economists cite long-term supply-side structural factors-such as demographic agi

ng, environmental degradation, and a lack of progress on reform-to argue that China has simply en

tered a new stage of development, characterized by significantly lower potential growth rates.

Structural factors don’t explain falling growth rate

While this may be true-everyone in China agrees that 9-10 perce

nt annual growth rates are a thing of the past-there is no clear indication of how much Chin

a’s growth potential has actually declined. Long-term supply-side structural factors do not explain, for exam

ple, why the growth rate fell from 12.1 percent in the first quarter of 2010 to 7.4 percent in the third quarter of 2013.

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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