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ns in February for the clinical application of new biomedical technologies, stipulating that clini
cal research that involves human trials, including gene editing, stem cells, organ transplants be
tween species and assisted reproductive technologies, must secure the approval of the commission in advance.
Under the draft, which is yet to be adopted, violators may face punishments including fines, revocation of business permits or criminal charges.
The commission this year will complete its revision of an existing r
egulation on ethical inspection of human-related biomedical research that was adopted in 2016.
Authorities are also considering establishing a national ethics co
mmittee that supervises life science technologies and researchers to ensure compliance wi
th ethical standards, Huang Jiefu, former vice-minister of health, told China Daily in an earlier interview.
move 100 million rural residents, mostly migrant workers, to cities by 2020.
Under the plan, cities with a population under 3 million should remove all limits on hukou — hous
ehold registration — and cities with populations between 3 million and 5 million should relax restrictio
ns on new migrants. Having hukou in a city generally confers more social benefits on residents.
Megacities including Beijing and Shanghai should improve the points system to qu
alify for household registration, allowing more people to settle in those cities.
“In the future, the main driving force of China’s urbanization will be conferring the benefits of urban
citizenship on rural migrant workers,” said Xu Lin, former director of the NDRC’s development plan
ning department. “In this process, it is key to offering new migrants treatment equal to that of city residents.”
China has made steady progress in urbanization, as permanent urban residents amounted
to 831 million at the end of 2018, up by 17.9 million from the previous year, according to the National Bureau of Statistics.
Super Rice project is geared to guarantee stable yields while beefing up crops’ resistance against drought, flooding and diseases,” Li said.
“Thus, farmers are able to save a large amount of resources, such as fertilizers or irrigation water, to fight those issues,” he added.
The sustainability of the approach is welcomed by Philippine agricultural researchers and farmers, according to Jose
Yorobe, a consultant with the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines. He attended a meeting in Beij
ing on Tuesday, along with dozens of representatives from participant countries, that marked the project’s conclusion.
“Because of climate change and population growth, developing countries are now pressured to increase rice prod
uctivity,” he said. “Some high-yield modern varieties are still vulnerable to inclement weather, pests and disease.”
fossils representing more than 50 previously undescribed animal species dating back 518 million years.
The soft tissues of their bodies, including muscles, organs, eyes and mouths are still visible in some
of the 4,351 fossils discovered in Yichang, Hubei province, according to a new study published in the journ
al Science on Friday. The excavated fossils represent 109 species, including known jelly fish, arthropods and algae.
Fu Dongjing, associate professor at Northwest University in Xi’an, Shaanxi, also the first author of the paper, said the research g
roup started exploring the ancient ruins in the summer of 2007, in Changyang Tujia autonomous county. It was lo
cated on the bank of Qingjiang River where a representative insect from the Cambrian period was first found.
The new trove of fossils called the Qingjiang biota－the living organisms of a region－ha
ve the potential to greatly inform the understanding of early animal evolution, according to the study.
About 542 million years ago, life on earth diversified at an extremely rapid pace, known as t
he Cambrian explosion. Almost all present animal categories appeared at that time. Many creatures wen
t extinct in the process of evolution, but others became the initial form of future organisms.